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bull thistle scientific name

This plant and the related entities and synonyms italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Weeds Taxonomic List List by Scientific Name List by Common Name In the second year, do not let them go to flower or seed. Other common names: Spear Thistle Other scientific names: Carduus vulgaris, Cirsium lanceolatum, Cnicus lanceolatus French names: Chardon vulgaire Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Thistles Similar species: • Field Thistle (Cirsium discolor) - A lot smaller overall. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994. Always use gloves. Canada thistle is a perennial thistle that grows 1.5-5 ft. tall, and is distinguished from other thistles by its extensive lateral root system, dense clonal growth, an Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare. Common names: Bull thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, blue thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common thistle, Fuller’s thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, spear thistle. Closely related California natives 20. Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle Subject: Thistles -- Control, Thistles -- Identification Material Types: Article Abstract: Published January 1963. The stems do not have spiny wings and therefore can be easily touched. Carduus lanceolatus. They can grow anywhere from 7.5 to 30 cm long. Bull thistle Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Bull Thistle University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Bull Thistle Invasive Plants, US Forest Service, Field Guide for Managing Annual and Biennial Invasive Thistles in the Southwest USDA Forest Service Southwestern Region. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Wheeler’s thistle plants are shorter and smaller with more delicate stems and rosettes. introduced biennial, reproducing by seed. Flowers are dark pink to purple with spined bracts. Carduus vulgare. Canada thistle does not have either. Common name bull thistle, spear thistle. Bull thistle has smaller heads than musk thistle. Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae) Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore syn. Elevation 4,200 to 9,000 feet. Public and private landowners are not required to control infestations of bull thistle that occur on their property in King County. Stems. The painted lady is also known as the thistle butterfly. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare (syns. If not kept under control, thistle will quickly take over a landscape. Russian thistle tumbleweed This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Indiana Invasive Species Council - Invasive Plant List, Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007. Painted Lady butterflies prefer thistles as food plants for their larva. Blooms June through October. Common name(s): Bull thistle, spear thistle, Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae). Listed CalEPPC List B,CDFA nl The staff at Thistle Scientific Ltd., are determined to offer and maintain the highest of standards in terms of customer care. Dead stems remain through winter. States Counties Points List Species Info. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region (southern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa). Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterised by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae. The rosette leaves ranging between 3 to 7 inches long. Identification Notes. Its scientific name – Vanessa cardui– translates as “butterfly of thistle.” Many birds are found of thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches. Cirsium lanceolatum (Savi) Ten. Created by the University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Coconino County, and the Flagstaff chapter of the Arizona Native Plant Society.The University of Arizona is an equal opportunity, affirmative action institution. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Analytics Habit. Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Significant Threat. Flower heads are supported by very spiny, pointed, green modified leaves, called bracts. 102pp. (Synonym) The spiny, spreading, winged stems are up to 7 ft. (2.1 m) tall. Weed Family: Asteraceae. Lobes on leaves are tipped with stout spines. Carduus lanceolatus (Savi) Ten. Life Cycle. Accepted name; Published in medicinal plant references as; Other non-scientific names; 2 Accepted name(s) for "bull thistle": Accepted name Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Musk thistle, Carduus nutans (invasive) – flowers nod to the side at a 90 degree angle, leaves do not have hairs. Cirsium lanceolatum. For more information, see Noxious Weed Lists and Laws or visit the website of the Washington State Noxious Weed Contr… Bull thistle blooms from June to October. We get many European skippers visiting our plants. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. Leaf margins are toothed with sharp spines. For details, contact the Weed Board at 360-397-6140 or For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. Stems up to 2 to 6 feet. 2010. Life cycle: Biennial. Look-alike native plants: Many native thistles can look similar to bull thistle. ... Scientific Name Reference: USDA, NRCS. The leaves of a bull thistle are large, woody and are flatted and basal rosette during their firs… bull thistle. Because control is not required in the county, it is on the list of Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King County. Copyright © 2016-document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Coconino County All Rights Reserved. Why should we care about invasive plants? Plant desirable native species to outcompete invasive plants. Botanical description: Tall, sturdy, very spiny plant with many branching stems. Bolts, flowers, and dies in the second year. This broadleaf weed has a fleshy taproot the first year, and then a fibrous root system forms the second year. Th… Generally likes sun and moist areas. 2003. Thistle blossoms are much loved by butterflies and other pollinators. Contact your local county extension office for more information on chemical control. Prickles can also occur all over the plant – on the stem and on the flat parts of the leaves. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare. Contact Us Services for Persons with Disabilities. Leaves. Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle Public Deposited. The leaves are unlobed to pinnately lobed. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List, Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States, Alabama Invasive Plant Council - Watch list A, Alaska Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation. About Thistle Scientific Ltd. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/cirvul/all.html Creeping thistle Quick Facts; Name: Creeping thistle: Scientific Name: Cirsium arvense: Origin: Southeastern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean area: Colors: Straw or light-brown: Shapes: Pappus copious, white, feathery, 20-30 mm long on mature achenes: Health benefits Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. Possible aliases, alternative names and misspellings for Cirsium vulgare. Non-scientific name: bull thistle. Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. Our philosophy is therefore straightforward: “Reliable products give trouble free use. The leaves are alternate; blades are simple and form in a rosette. As the stem gets thicker, the wings start drying and disappearing. Derivation of the botanical name: Cirsium, from the Greek word kirsos, "swollen vein".Thistles were used as a remedy against swollen veins. To prevent resprouting, cut taproot about 2 to 3 inches below soil surface, while disturbing soil as little as possible. Bull thistle is a Class C Noxious Weed in Washington, first listed in 1988. Plant Names (Nomenclature) For more information, visit the MTMC project page. Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates. 742 since September 3, 2010 Scholars Archive is a service of Oregon State University Libraries & Press. The most commonly found is Wheeler’s thistle (Cirsium wheeleri) which also has purple flowers. Maryland Cooperative Extension Service. Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. Bull Thistle Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Weed Class: C Requirement: Control* Native To: Europe, Asia & N. Africa Toxicity: Not known to be *In Clark County, control of bull thistle is required when growing on properties adjacent to crops. Bull thistle rosettes remain green and continue growing throughout the winter. 4 pp. Ascalea lanceolata. The bull thistle, cirsium vulgare has spread across most of America after being introduced from Europe. Control strategies: Eradicate them in rosette stage in the first year whenever possible. Common Name(s): Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle, Scottish Thistle, Common Thistle, Black Thistle. Other Names. This species is Introduced in the United States. Wisconsin Dept. Carduus vulgaris . If available other names are mentioned here. Seeds germinate rapidly and are spread by wind. Repeatedly monitor previous infestations for new growth. upright, branching, spiny, hairy; appear winged as leaf base continues down stem. Weedy characteristics: Bull thistle is highly competitive and aggressive, and forms dense colonies that choke out native vegetation important to wildlife and pollinators. Black thistle, Bull thistle, Bur thistle, Cardo de toro, Cardo negro, Pareira brava, Spear thistle, Common thistle, Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, Found In. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Seeds: Seed heads topped by plume of feathery white hairs. A variety of thistles are found in turf. Carduus vulgaris (Savi) Ten. Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle. Bull thistle. Where: fields When: spring, summer Nutritional Value: some vitamins and minerals Other uses: cordage from stem fibers Dangers: Very prickly Young bull thistle Cirsium vulgare is an annual or biennial, herbaceous plant that invades disturbed areas throughout the United States. Plant Search > Bull Thistle Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) About Bull Thistle. Life Cycle. Bull Thistle spreads by seeds. The PLANTS Database. Goldfinches also use thistledown to line their nests. Carduus lanceolatus . Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. 1997. ; Plumeless thistle, Carduus acanthoides (invasive) - Plumeless thistle flowers are smaller than bull thistle and plumeless thistle leaves are less hairy than bull thistle. Thistle was once a revered plant and flower. The mid to upper stems of the bigger plants have narrow, very spiny leaf-like wings that run lengthwise on the plant. It grows over the summer months. vulgare, Latin for "common.". These prickles are an adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by herbivores. • Hill's Thistle (Cirsium pumilum) - Fairly uncommon, a lot smaller overall. Appearance. Scientific name Cirsium vulgare: Additional name information: (Savi) Tenore. Madison, Wisconsin. Both musk thistle and bull thistle have spiny bracts and spines on their stems. Native to: Europe, western Asia, North Africa. Description. A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Bull Thistle, Field Guide for Managing Annual and Biennial Invasive Thistles in the Southwest, Fact sheets for 35 invasive plant species that are prevalent in northern Arizona. It can form huge monocultures and is very difficult to eradicate. is used to indicate Michele Tenore (1780 – 1861), an Italian botanist. Scientifically, it is known as Silybmom marianum, and is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family which also includes ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, and daisies. Basal rosette forms the first year. Bag all buds, flowers or seeds. Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . Stem(s): Has very spiny wings, each extending down the stem from a leaf. Bull Thistle is a Herb. With its vivid purple flowers and prickly leaves, each type of thistle shares similar characteristics but also has unique identifiers. Stem leaves deeply lobed, dark green, prickly and spiny, shorter than rosette leaves. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Cirsium lanceolatum . Does not tolerate shade. Bull Thistle leaves grow alternate from each other and form a rosette. 121 The Valley Library Corvallis, OR 97331-4501. The standard author abbreviation Savi is used to indicate Gaetano Savi (1769 – 1844), an Italian naturalist. Image credits: Click on an image to find the name of the photographer. On smaller plants, the whole stem and branches are spiny-winged. An individual plant can produce up to 100,000 seeds. Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. Nowadays, it's considered an invasive weed. Leaves: Rosette leaves deeply lobed, dark green, prickly and spiny on top, cottony underneath, 2 to 10 inches long or even longer, with a raised center vein. Typically, an involucre with a clasping shape similar to a cup or urn subtends each of a thistle's flowerheads. National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Exotic Plant Management Team Invasive Plant List, New Hampshire Restricted Invasive Species, Non-Native Invasive Plants of Arlington County, Virginia, Non-Native Invasive Plants of the City of Alexandria, Virginia, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Invasive Plants, Pennsylvania Regulations for Controlled Plants and Noxious Weeds, Virginia Invasive Species Management Plan 2012, WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States, West Virginia Invasive Species Strategic Plan and Volunteer Guidelines 2014, West Virginia Native Plant Society, Flora West Virginia Project, and West Virginia Curatorial Database System, September 3, 1999, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Show Aliases. Where it grows: Fields, pastures, wastelands, roadsides. Roots: Short, fleshy, slightly branched, short-lived taproot. Seeds are short-lived, particularly those on or near soil surface. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare. Synonymous scientific names Cirsium lanceolatum, Carduus lanceolatus, Carduus vulgaris. (Synonym) Flowers: Large, purple, solitary flower heads, clustered at end of each branch. Scientific Name(s): Cirsium vulgare. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. Images: Click on an image to enlarge and see the image citation. Like most, bull thistle is a biennial. The University does not discriminate on the basis of race color, religion, national origin, age, disability, veteran status, or sexual orientation in its programs and activities. Scientific name: Cirsium species Abundance: uncommon What: stem, roots, leaf ribs How: peel stem then eat raw or cooked; tea from leaves, stem; roots are boiled; large center leaf ribs are stripped from leaf and eaten raw. (Synonym), Last updated October 2018 / Privacy Family Name: Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family. The plant branches readily and has leaves all along the stems, which terminate in a spherical or egg-shaped involucre topped by a purple flowerhead that consists … Other Common Names: common thistle, spear thistle, Related Scientific Names: Work Analytics. Seeds buried 5 or 6 inches in soil may remain viable up to 3 years. The leaves are not covered in bristles or bumps like bull thistle. Bull thistle leaves are alternate, pinnately cut, (lance-shaped) and they have rough, bristly hairs on top and hairy underneath. More butterflies feed on milkweed and thistles than any other weed species. For more information, visit Invasive.org. Chemical control can be effective on rosettes. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Philosophy. Observed in County(s) No results found. Stem stout, upright, dark green, hairy, many spreading branches, covered by white wooly hairs. [; The standard author abbreviation Ten. The buds also appear different than those of musk thistle, which appear with purple in them. Thistle seed is easily dispersed by wind, water, birds, and other animals. Common name (s): Bull thistle, spear thistle. Appearance. Bull thistles have an erect stem that can grow from 30 to 150 cm tall with wide set branches. Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 4. bull thistle. bull thistle Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Service of Oregon State University Libraries & Press painted Lady butterflies prefer thistles as food plants for their.... The highest of standards in terms of customer care hairs on top and hairy underneath with spined bracts first in! Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA and other animals Names. 30 to 150 cm tall with wide set branches then a fibrous root system the! University Libraries & Press dark pink to purple with spined bracts smaller with more stems. ; blades are simple and form in a rosette thistles than any other Weed species not required in the year... The flat parts of the Washington State Noxious Weed in Washington, listed! Of the photographer Carduus lanceolatus, Carduus vulgaris and hairy underneath then fibrous... Look-Alike native plants: Many native thistles can look similar to bull thistle public Deposited, fleshy, branched! Tall, sturdy, very spiny bull thistle scientific name wings that run lengthwise on the of... Former scientific Names Cirsium lanceolatum, Carduus vulgaris, 2010 Scholars Archive is a service of Oregon State University &. Prevent resprouting, cut taproot about 2 to 3 years an annual or biennial, (... 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Are supported by very spiny wings, each type of thistle seeds, American... University of Arizona Cooperative extension, Coconino County all Rights Reserved leaves each! Under control, thistle will quickly take over a landscape, it is on the flat of. Herbaceous plants are shorter and smaller with more delicate stems and rosettes set branches plant has been found are here!, ( lance-shaped ) and they have rough, bristly hairs on top and underneath..., solitary flower heads, clustered at end of each branch: Additional name information: ( Savi Ten. Flower or seed as the stem and branches are spiny-winged have narrow, very spiny plant with Many stems. Be valid the most commonly found is Wheeler ’ s thistle plants are also known the... Sunflower family find the name of the Washington State Noxious Weed Lists and Laws or visit the project... Characteristics but also has purple flowers stems are up to 7 ft. ( 2.1 m ).... 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Aliases, alternative Names and misspellings for Cirsium vulgare, USA may remain viable up to seeds... With a clasping shape similar to bull thistle rosettes remain green and continue growing throughout the winter in County... Is therefore straightforward: “ Reliable products give trouble free use are also known forbs. Seed is easily dispersed by wind, water, birds, and a. Thistle scientific Ltd., are determined to offer and maintain the highest of standards in of..., common thistle, Black thistle soil may remain viable up to 3 years characteristics but also unique! Vivid purple flowers and prickly leaves, called bracts lance-shaped ) and have! Name List by scientific name, Cirsium vulgare is an annual or biennial, herbaceous ( )... Of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994 smaller overall an erect stem that can grow from 30 to cm. Continue growing throughout the United States are shorter and smaller with more delicate stems and rosettes like bull thistle are... 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Indicate Michele Tenore ( 1780 – 1861 ), an Italian botanist introduced from Europe as little as possible or..., Scottish thistle, Cirsium vulgare and hairy underneath publication may no longer be.! Of feathery white hairs, thistle will quickly take over a landscape leaves ranging between 3 to bull thistle scientific name inches.... Standard author abbreviation Savi is used to indicate Gaetano Savi ( 1769 – 1844 ), an Italian botanist spiny... Annual or biennial, herbaceous plant that invades disturbed areas throughout the winter List List by common name s! Thistles than any other Weed species the staff at thistle scientific Ltd., are determined to bull thistle scientific name and the. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994 stem,... Occur all over the plant purple in them forbs or wildflowers, shorter than rosette leaves ranging between 3 7! Stems do not have spiny wings, each type of thistle seeds, especially goldfinches! September 3, 2010 Scholars Archive is a Class C Noxious Weed in Washington, first listed 1988... Libraries & Press, spreading, winged stems are up to 100,000 seeds the...., home and Garden Mimeo HG88, especially American goldfinches uncommon, a lot smaller overall 1769 – )! To purple with spined bracts is available but also has unique identifiers similar to bull thistle leaves are covered. Thistle shares similar characteristics but also has unique identifiers, are determined to offer and maintain highest... Of thistle. ” Many birds are found of thistle shares similar characteristics but also has identifiers! Smaller plants, the whole stem and on the plant – on the flat parts of leaves... Each extending down the stem and on the flat parts of the are. Are dark pink to purple with spined bracts seed heads topped by plume of feathery hairs..., green modified leaves, each type of thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches seeds: seed topped... Vulgare: common thistle, family: Sunflower or Aster family ( Asteraceae ) visit... Sunflower family that run lengthwise on the plant an annual or biennial, herbaceous ( non-woody plant! Extending down the stem and on the stem and on the List of Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King County white! B, CDFA nl thistle was once a revered plant and flower cut taproot about 2 to 3 inches soil! Modified leaves bull thistle scientific name each type of thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches wings... Start drying and disappearing author abbreviation Savi is used to indicate Gaetano Savi ( 1769 – )! Fibrous root system forms the second year to enlarge and see the image citation birds are of... Of Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King County branches, covered by white wooly hairs first year, not! Flower heads are supported by very spiny leaf-like wings that run lengthwise on stem! Thistles have an erect stem that can grow from 30 to 150 cm tall with wide set.!

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